Paper 1 Reading (1 hour 15 minutes)
You are going to read parts of a
leaflet about the Youth Hostels Association (YHA). Choose the most
suitable heading from the list A-I for each part (1-7)
of the leaflet. There is one extra heading which you do not
need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).
Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.
Youth Hostels Association
You are going to
read an introduction to a book about action sports. For questions
8-14, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which
you think fits best according to the text.
Risk-takers have been taking part in action sports since the beginnings of time: the new challenge has always appealed to adventurous minds. The trick with risks is to understand the possible dangers and then remove them by treating each as a problem with only one solution: the safe one. From the outside the game still looks 'risky', but to the risk-taker who understands the difficulties, the game is a personal test of skill, rather than nerve. None of these sports ought to be dangerous; if they are, you're doing something wrong.
Risk-taking has other benefits. The best cure for a stressful working life may not be a week is flat-out on a beach; emptying the mind merely leaves it open for occupation by the home stresses which you brought with you. Pick up a new challenge, something that is exciting, stretching, new, and you not only escape entirely from that other life, but return to it on a wave of confidence and strength that carries you over the problems which once seemed part of everyday life.
Action sports offer an escape, one where you learn very quickly: in one week - or even in one weekend - you can learn more about yourself than you did al) year. All inner fears disappear in the burn of concentration demanded by learning to fly, dive, ride or climb. The pride earned through jumping from an aeroplane at 12,000 feet, or learning to roll a canoe, will stay with you for life. Then there are the other spin-offs: the mental calm which comes with rock-climbing; the wonderful colours of caves; the moment of freedom felt during that first flight beneath the wing of a glider. All these sports cause a wonderful thrill - be it dashing waves or freefalling through the air at 120 miles per hour - but thrills are just a part of the story. Many of these sports double as types of travel. Horses, bicycles, skis, hot-air balloons can be used as vehicles for truly exotic journeys; journeys on which you can look at landscapes (and yourself) from a new angle. And all of these are 'soft' vehicles; ones which allow you to move through, and feel for, the countryside, the mountains and deserts.
The sports in this book cover the complete range of physical and mental skills: they can 6e done from your own doorstep or from any one of hundreds of places abroad. The sports demand from as little as the cost of a pair of boots to as much as it costs to buy a flying machine. Some of them are very easily reached (I have a friend who goes gliding in his lunch-break), while others require travelling-time and complex equipment.
Finally, remember that each action sport is a wonderful experience, and the more experiences we have, the richer we become, and the more we have to share.
9 The word
'it' in line 21 refers to
10 What is
the best type of holiday according to the writer?
to the writer, learning action sports
12 Which of
these advantages of action sports is not mentioned by the writer?
'spin-offs' (line 33) are
general, the writer says that action sports
You are going to
read a newspaper article about a burglar alarm. Seven sentences have
been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences
PLANNERS SOUND THE ALARM OVER MAN
A former mayor of Hove in Sussex, who has been burgled 16 times in 18 years, has been ordered to remove the burglar alarm outside 19th-century home.
by pressing one of the buttons set at differentparts of the house.’ he said. While many people used mock burglar alarm boxes as a cheaper means of frightening off burglars, he said he preferred the comfort of knowing the box on his wall was the real thing.
Mr Moy-Loader said last night that he had not been told by the council about a possible compromise if he repainted his alarm.
I cannot afford to
take the issue to appeal in the High Court’ he said.
But their inspector agreed with us that it was too obviously
am afraid I have no choice and it will have to come down.
The Department of Environment’s ruling in favour of the council
meant that 10 other people in Hove conservation areas would now
be served notice to move burglar alarm boxes that are too
Moy-Loader said his alarm gave him extra security because it was
also connected to two alarm buttons in his home.
The Police agree with me that it is an effective deterrent against
the amateur burglar.
used to come back from holidays and find our home in a mess.
Yet it would still be obvious to anyone about to try to break in.
H Council planners have told Mr lan Moy-Loader, Conservative mayor in 1984-85,that the bright red box spoils the appearance of a row of houses in Brunswick Place, a conservation area.
You are going to
read excerpts from interviews with five students at the University
of Luton. For questions 21-32 choose from the list of people
(A-E). Some of the people may be chosen more than once. When
more than one answer is required, these may be given in any order.
Which of the interviewees:
21 had heard good opinions of the course before starting it?
22 were unemployed before starting the course?
23 enjoy mixing with people?
24 likes this university because of its geographical location?
25 gives their story as an example to others?
26 enjoys sports?
27 is studying a subject unusual for their sex?
28 has already made career progress as a result of their studies?
29 feels that the course has changed their whole life?
30 feels they are learning during leisure time as well?
31 were supported by family members?
32 was worried about succeeding at university?
What is the purpose
of these interviews?
A Emiko Asada
C Nicholas Gaunt
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