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SAMPLE  PAPER:

 

Paper 1 Reading (1 hour 15 minutes)

 


PART 1

You are going to read parts of a leaflet about the Youth Hostels Association (YHA). Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-I for each part (1-7) of the leaflet. There is one extra heading  which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).
 

Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

A

Group facilities.

B

How do we keep the prices so low? 

C

Group prices.

D

Local groups.

E

The countryside matters.

F

Travel the world!

G

What about the accommodation?

H

What does the price include?

I

 How to book

Youth Hostels Association

0

I


To avoid disappointment, especially during the summer months, it is best to enquire and make sure in advance that a bed is reserved for you. Just telephone the Hostel (before 1000 or after 1700 hours). At most Youth Hostels you can now pay by Visa and Access credit cards.
 

1

 


What you pay to stay with us entitles you to use Hostel facilities such as showers and washrooms, drying rooms, lounge, self-catering kitchen and dining areas.
 

2

 


Sleeping is in comfortable rooms which vary in size ­ from 4-6 beds to larger dormitories with around 8-16 beds. Blankets and pillows are included in the price for your overnight stay. You will need to either hire or buy a YHA sheet sleeping bag or you can bring your own sheets and pillow case.
 

3

 


When staying at a Youth Hostel, we do ask you to help with some of the clearing up;

usually something routine such as sweeping a floor or helping wash up. You also need to remember that Youth Hostels close for a period during the day - usually between 1000 and 1700 hours - and close for the night at 2300 hours. This helps to keep our running costs down.
 

4

 


YHA is one of the leading environmental groups in Britain, helping to conserve Britain's unique landscape features and wildlife.
Members with an interest in conservation have the chance to carry out practical work - clearing out ponds, opening up footpaths and planting trees. So if you'd like to put something back into the landscape, now's your chance!
 

5

 


We specialise in budget residential facilities for groups of young people. 28 of our Hostels offer field facilities and many have classrooms. Datapack is a publication designed for group leaders and contains details of those Youth Hostels which are particularly suitable for groups.

6

 

If you like meeting people with similar interests and getting out and about in the countryside, then why not join a YHA group in your area? YHA groups organise regular social events and weekend activities - from discos and barbecues to theatre trips and country walks. Details of your nearest group can be found in the YHA Accommodation Guide.

7

 

YHA is a member of the International Youth Hostel Federation and this means that once a member in England and Wales, you can stay at any Hostel showing the YHF sign. So whether you choose Europe or Australia, India or Peru, you can still stay with YHA. All you need to do is attach a recent photograph to your mem6ership card and it becomes valid worldwide. And for recognised groups it’s even simpler: International Leader cards enable groups of non-members-aged between 10 and 20 years-to stay in Youth Hostels, as long as they are accompanied by a YHA member who is aged 18 years or over!

 

 

 
 

 

PART 2

You are going to read an introduction to a book about action sports. For questions 8-14, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
Mark your answers
on the separate answer sheet



Action Sports and Risk-Taking

Risk-takers have been taking part in action sports since the beginnings of time: the new challenge has always appealed to adventurous minds. The trick with risks is to understand the possible dangers and then remove them by treating each as a problem with only one solution: the safe one. From the outside the game still looks 'risky', but to the risk-taker who understands the difficulties, the game is a personal test of skill, rather than nerve. None of these sports ought to be dangerous; if they are, you're doing something wrong.

Risk-taking has other benefits. The best cure for a stressful working life may not be a week is flat-out on a beach; emptying the mind merely leaves it open for occupation by the home stresses which you brought with you. Pick up a new challenge, something that is exciting, stretching, new, and you not only escape entirely from that other life, but return to it on a wave of confidence and strength that carries you over the problems which once seemed part of everyday life.

Action sports offer an escape, one where you learn very quickly: in one week - or even in one weekend - you can learn more about yourself than you did al) year. All inner fears disappear in the burn of concentration demanded by learning to fly, dive, ride or climb. The pride earned through jumping from an aeroplane at 12,000 feet, or learning to roll a canoe, will stay with you for life. Then there are the other spin-offs: the mental calm which comes with rock-climbing; the wonderful colours of caves; the moment of freedom felt during that first flight beneath the wing of a glider. All these sports cause a wonderful thrill - be it dashing waves or free­falling through the air at 120 miles per hour­ - but thrills are just a part of the story. Many of these sports double as types of travel. Horses, bicycles, skis, hot-air balloons can be used as vehicles for truly exotic journeys; journeys on which you can look at landscapes (and yourself) from a new angle. And all of these are 'soft' vehicles; ones which allow you to move through, and feel for, the countryside, the mountains and deserts.

The sports in this book cover the complete range of physical and mental skills: they can 6e done from your own doorstep or from any one of hundreds of places abroad. The sports demand from as little as the cost of a pair of boots to as much as it costs to buy a flying machine. Some of them are very easily reached (I have a friend who goes gliding in his lunch-break), while others require travelling-time and complex equipment.

Finally, remember that each action sport is a wonderful experience, and the more experiences we have, the richer we become, and the more we have to share.

Nick Crane


8   According to the writer, action sports

     A   show a person's ability to overcome difficulties. 
     B   are dangerous because of the risks they involve. 
       test the daring of the person who does them.
    
  are far more interesting than playing games.

 

9 The word 'it' in line 21 refers to

       any holiday activity.
       life at home and at work. 
     C   any action sport.
    
  a challenging new activity.

 

10 What is the best type of holiday according to the writer?

     A   Lying on the beach and doing nothing.
     B   Engaging in something you are confident about.
     C   Doing something you have never done before. 
       Escaping to a place which is totally new.
 

 

11 According to the writer, learning action sports

       can be extremely frightening. 
     B   helps you learn to concentrate.
     C   makes you understand yourself better. 
     D   is not really a difficult task at all.
 

 

12  Which of these advantages of action sports is not mentioned by  the writer?

     A   Maintaining fitness. 
       Experiencing thrills. 
     C   Building confidence. 
     D   Seeing new places.
 

 

13 'spin-offs' (line 33) are

     A   action sports.
     B   benefits.
     C   achievements.
     D   skills.
 

 

14 In general, the writer says that action sports

     A   are inexpensive.
     B   require a lot of time. 
     C   are extremely varied.
     D   should not be done alone.
 

 

 

 

 

PART 3

 

You are going to read a newspaper article about a burglar alarm. Seven sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences
A-H
the one which fits each gap (15-20). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. 
There is an example at the beginning (0).
Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.
 

PLANNERS SOUND THE ALARM OVER MAN
BURGLED 16 TIMES

 

A former mayor of Hove in Sussex, who has been burgled 16 times in 18 years, has been ordered to remove the burglar alarm outside 19th-century home.

15

 



‘I got so fed up with being burgled that I had the alarm installed two an a half years ago,’ said Mr Moy–Loader, 70, a former planning committee chairman. But since the red box went up outside we haven’t had a break–in   and it is very comforting to know that it is there.’

16

 



Accusing the council of putting the appearance of property ahead of concern for the security of the people who live inside, he said: ‘The object of having the box is so that it can be seen.,

17

 



They know I’m an expert on burglars’ methods. After all, I’ve experienced 16 burglaries, including one in 1977 when I was badly beaten.’

18

 



‘If for any reason we see anyone acting suspiciously, we  can set off the alarm bell

 

by pressing one of the buttons set at differentparts of the house.’ he said. While many people used mock burglar alarm boxes as a cheaper means of frightening off burglars, he said he preferred the comfort of knowing the box on his wall was the real thing.

19

 



Mr Roger Dowty, Hove council’s conservation officer, said: ‘ Mr Mo-Loader appealed to the Department of the Environment when we insisted the bright red box should be moved. 

20

 



‘Our formal letter orders Mr Moy-Loader to take down the box, but we have made it clear that we are quite prepared to compromise if he moves it to a less noticeable place and paints it cream, the same colour as the buildings. Of course this means the box would not be seen from 50 yards or so away. 

Mr Moy-Loader said last night that he had not been told by the council about a possible compromise if he repainted his alarm. 

I cannot afford to take the issue to appeal in the High Court’ he said. 
 

 

 

A        But their inspector agreed with us that it was too obviously displayed.
 

B        I am afraid I have no choice and it will have to come down.
 

C        The Department of Environment’s ruling in favour of the council meant that 10 other    people in Hove conservation areas would now be served notice to move burglar alarm  boxes that are too prominent.
 

D       Mr Moy-Loader said his alarm gave him extra security because it was also connected to two alarm buttons in his home.
 

E        The Police agree with me that it is an effective deterrent against the amateur burglar.
 

F        We used to come back from holidays and find our home in a mess.
 

G       Yet it would still be obvious to anyone about to try to break in.
 

H       Council planners have told Mr lan Moy-Loader, Conservative mayor in 1984-85,that the bright red box spoils the appearance of a row of houses in Brunswick Place, a conservation area.

 

 

PART 4

You are going to read excerpts from interviews with five students at the University of Luton. For questions 21-32 choose from the list of people (A-E). Some of the people may be chosen more than once. When more than one answer is required, these may be given in any order.
There is an example at the beginning (0).
For question 33 choose the answer (A, B, C, or D) which you think fits best according to the text. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.
 

Which of the interviewees:
 

21   had heard good opinions of the course before starting it? 

22   were unemployed before starting the course?

23   enjoy mixing with people?

24   likes this university because of its geographical location?

25   gives their story as an example to others?

26   enjoys sports?

27   is studying a subject unusual for their sex?

28   has already made career progress as a result of their studies?

29   feels that the course has changed their whole life?

30   feels they are learning during leisure time as well?

31   were supported by family members?

32   was worried about succeeding at university?

33   What is the purpose of these interviews?

      A To show the importance of higher education.

      B To attract people from abroad to study in Britain.

      C To attract students to the university.

      D To show students some unusual career choices.

 

A     Emiko Asada
I'd been working in a large department store in Japan for five years when I decided I wanted to improve my English. And what better place to do this than in England! I chose Luton for two reasons-firstly it is an ideal base to see the rest of the country, with London only 40 minutes away. And the course is very interesting: in addition to language, you study culture as well. The most surprising thing is the amount of free time you get. OK, so you have to study, but it also allows you to go on day trips and to the movies, which all helps to improve your English.

B    Ruth Woodward
After working as an Occupational Therapist for a number of years, I realised I needed to obtain further skills to become a manager. I was advised that Luton was an ideal place to do this and did some research into their reputation ­which I found to be very high. The management courses are used by many top companies and the facilities are excellent. It certainly lives up to its reputation. We are taught in small groups and you are encouraged right from the start to be active. I make contacts easily and it didn't take long before people knew my name! I was voted 'Student of the Year' in my department last year, which was very rewarding. As a direct result of doing this course I now manage services for the elderly and physically disabled for the county.

C    Nicholas Gaunt
I was out of work after serving a four-year apprenticeship as a steel engineer and saw higher education as the way to improve my chances of employment. There are so many positive things about my course - having some experience of the construction industry, I know that it’s relevant; and the student mix of different ages and backgrounds provides interesting discussions. The social side of life shouldn't be overlooked either. I have made so many new friends and I also play volleyball and do weights in the university gym.
 

D     Phil Negus 
After a time of unemployment I joined a non-­degree course at the university. I really enjoyed this and it gave me the confidence to try and do a degree course at Luton. My brother really encouraged me too - he's a lecturer at Leicester University.
I have such a positive view of life now and am confident that 1 will fulfil my potential. Everybody should think about education and the benefits it can bring. Look at me, I have gone from being unemployed to working towards a degree and hopefully having the chance to move into my chosen career of HIV counselling or youth work.

E     Rebecca Stafford-Jones 
My father is a builder and he encouraged my interest in building surveying - not the usual subject choice for a girl but after all this is the 1990s! On our programme we share lectures with students on the Construction Management course so we get a broader view of the building industry
. Out of 48 students on the course only three are girls! So in addition to studying I also have to deal with male attitudes to women in my chosen careerto women in my chosen career.

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